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Identification of microcrystalline phases in Lead Glazes of ceramics from 17th-19th centuries: archaeometric implications

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dc.contributor Universitat de Vic - Universitat Central de Catalunya. Departament d'Enginyeries
dc.contributor.author Di Febo, Roberta
dc.date.accessioned 2020-04-01T08:21:26Z
dc.date.available 2020-04-01T08:21:26Z
dc.date.created 2019-10-24
dc.date.issued 2019-10-24
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10854/6157
dc.description Programa de Doctorat: Ciències Experimentals i Tecnologies
dc.description.abstract Crystalline phases inside ancient glazes can have different origins: unreacted compounds (thus already formed before the glaze formation), crystallites developed during the glaze production or devitrification crystals formed after the glaze production (during burial by weathering processes). This study deals with the identification of the crystalline phases developed during the firing of lead glazes in ceramics from the 17th to 19th centuries. The formation of the crystallites during firing and their distribution depends on the original composition of the glaze and body (clay, stonepastes, etc.), the use of raw or pre-fired materials and on the firing conditions (temperature and atmosphere of the furnace, single or double firing, etc.). Therefore, the detailed investigation of the crystal inclusions and the microstructural heterogeneities in the glazes yield information on the nature of the objects, the raw materials used, their thermal history as well as other important aspects of the glass making technology. This research develops a methodological approach to study of ceramic glaze microstructures based on the thin section. Starting from its present role as an accessory identification technique, thin-section petrography turns here into a pivotal tool to characterize micro-crystals embedded in ceramic glazes and hence characterize the glazes themselves. Firstly, the crystallites are located and described using thin-section petrographic methods. Special attention is paid to the description of the morphologies and the optical features of the crystallites. Then, the thin section petrography data are linked to compositional and structural data obtained from other analytical tools, such as SEM (scanning electron microscopy), EPMA (electron probe micro-analyser), μ-Raman (micro-Raman) and SR- μXRD (synchrotron-radiation X-ray micro-diffraction). For each mineral phase identified, chemical, mineralogical and structural data are collected in such a way to obtain a correlation between morphological and analytical data. Once established, this correlation could allow a quick and easy identification of the crystallites using a petrographic microscope and therefore avoiding the repetition of an exhaustive identification protocol involving the use of expensive characterization techniques. es
dc.format application/pdf es
dc.format.extent 1 p. es
dc.language.iso eng es
dc.publisher Universitat de Vic - Universitat Central de Catalunya
dc.rights Tots els drets reservats es
dc.subject.other Microestructura es
dc.subject.other Construcció en vidre es
dc.subject.other Cristalls es
dc.subject.other Vidre -- Fabricació es
dc.subject.other Petrologia es
dc.subject.other Esmalts es
dc.subject.other Ceràmica es
dc.title Identification of microcrystalline phases in Lead Glazes of ceramics from 17th-19th centuries: archaeometric implications es
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis es
dc.rights.accesRights info:eu-repo/semantics/closedAccess es
dc.contributor.director Molera Marimon, Judit
dc.contributor.director Pradell, Trinitat

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